Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Discussions in the vein that would most interest those looking for the "meat and potatoes" of Townsend Brown's scientific work.

Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby Linda Brown » Wed May 31, 2017 5:47 pm

Thats because for seventy years there has been a very effective smoke screen disinformation project that has been operating... I think that Nick Cook called it an " elegantly orchestrated plan" to hide away what was actually happening. But things are changing and now I believe that the time is right for more disclosures.... because we can not move into the future blind. We have to see and understand what our real experiences have been.

I believe that Townsend Brown was involved actively in keeping certain information out of the publics eye. I think that he believed that it was not a safe age in the fifties to the eighties to see these new avenues of information to break the surface... but at some point we have to step forward. I believe that speakers like Linda Moulton Howe and others will be leading the movement and men like my Dad have left enough information behind or intelligent and passionate investigative reporters to put the missing puzzle pieces back together. Its going to be an exciting time.
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Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby Linda Brown » Wed May 31, 2017 5:51 pm

I intend to put my efforts toward the direction of a better and full understanding of the Biefeld Brown Effect and of the historical interactions between another intelligence and that of my father... who first encountered that strange force on Catalina Island when he was just a teenager. Its a consideration that hasn't been investigated before.
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Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby ecker2011 » Thu Jun 01, 2017 4:31 pm

Colossal rocket-launching plane rolls toward testing

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The Stratolaunch plane is pushed out of the hanger for the first time in the Mojave desert, California on May 31, 2017

A colossal aircraft capable of launching satellite-toting rockets into space is closer to testing, having been rolled out of a hangar in the desert, its creators said on Wednesday.

The project backed by billionaire Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen has been proceeding for about six years and was on track for its first launch demonstration as early as 2019, Stratolaunch Systems Corporation chief executive Jean Floyd said in a blog post.

"This marks a historic step in our work to achieve Paul G. Allen's vision of normalizing access to low Earth orbit," Floyd said.

"This is a first-of-its-kind aircraft, so we're going to be diligent throughout testing."

In the weeks and months ahead, Stratolaunch—touted as the biggest airliner ever built—will be testing fuel systems, engines and more on the ground at its air and space port in the Mojave desert, according to Floyd.
Support structures were removed from the plane during the past few weeks, allowing it to rest on its 28 wheels for the first time.

The Stratolaunch aircraft weighed in at 500,000 pounds (226,796 kilograms) and has the world's largest plane wingspan, measuring 385 feet (117 meters), according to the company.
The aircraft is 238 feet from nose to end, and it is 50 feet from the ground to the tip of its vertical tail.

When the ambitious venture was launched some six years ago by philanthropist Allen, partners in the project vowed it would revolutionize orbital travel in the post-space shuttle era.
Using huge passenger jet engines, it would tote a rocket and be able to launch payloads, satellites and someday humans into low-Earth orbit, Allen said at the time.

Allen vowed that the project would result in greater flexibility than ground-based rocket launches and better cost effectiveness for cargo and human missions to space.
Private space travel is also among the big visions of tech industry star Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX as well as electric car company Tesla.

SpaceX is poised to blast off its next delivery of food, supplies and science experiments to astronauts living at the International Space Station on Thursday.
The launch of SpaceX's 11th commercial resupply mission aboard an unmanned Dragon cargo ship is scheduled for 5:55 pm (2155 GMT).
If all goes as planned, a Falcon 9 rocket will propel the Dragon into low-Earth orbit, where it will eventually connect with the space station, circling the Earth at a height of some 250 miles (400 kilometers).

https://phys.org/news/2017-06-colossal- ... plane.html
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Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby ecker2011 » Wed Jun 21, 2017 5:24 pm

Researchers experiment with geometric factors to maximize plasma jet length

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A diagram of the mechanical structure of the capillary. Credit: Li/Xiong/Cheng/Peng/Pan

Bursts of plasma, called plasma jets, have numerous uses ranging from the development of more efficient engines, which could one day send spacecraft to Mars, to industrial uses like spraying nanomaterial coatings on 3-D objects.

Capillary discharge plasma jets are those that are created by a large current that passes through a low-density gas in what is called a capillary chamber. The gas ionizes and turns into plasma, a mixture of electrons and positively charged ions. When plasma expands in the capillary chamber due to arc energy heating, plasma ejects from the capillary nozzle forming the plasma jet.

This week in Review of Scientific Instruments, a new study examines how the dimensions of the capillary producing the plasma affect the jet's length. Researchers at Huazhong University of Science and Technology found that they could achieve the longest plasma jet by altering the dimensions to maximize the energy density within the capillary chamber.

"Experimental results show that the longest plasma jet length can be obtained by adjusting the geometric factors," said Jiaming Xiong, from the Huazhong University of Science and Technology and one of the authors. "Capillary plasma jets have a wide range of applications and the length of the plasma jet is an important characteristic parameter."

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A photo of the plasma jet generated by the capillary discharge. Credit: Li/Xiong/Cheng/Peng/Pan

Previous studies in this area have focused on the formation of the plasma jet and numerical simulations of the capillary discharge plasma, but few researchers have looked at how the structure of the capillary influences the size of the plasma jet.

Xiong and the group of researchers set up their capillary plasma jet under normal atmospheric pressure with a camera to photograph the plasma jet's length. The capillary system consists of a pin electrode for the negatively charged cathode side of the current supplying device, and a plate electrode for the positively charged anode. An insulating wall surrounds the cathode, creating a chamber where the gas ionizes when they apply a trigger pulse.

The plasma ejected through a cone-shaped nozzle within the anode of the capillary chamber. By varying the length of the capillary chamber, the diameter of the cathode and the length of the cathode tip, the researchers determined the best proportions to generate the longest jet.

The study suggests that the dimensions offering the greatest energy density inside the chamber will yield the longest plasma jet. As length of the capillary increases, the energy deposited in the arc channel increases as well, but only up to a point. Thus, there is an optimum chamber length to maximize the energy density in the capillary chamber.

Additionally, they showed that increasing the cathode diameter and the cathode tip length shortens the plasma jet, because these changes reduce the energy deposited in the arc channel. In their next study, the researchers will use combinations of different pulse discharge circuits and discharge energies to see how these factors impact the plasma jet length.

https://phys.org/news/2017-06-geometric ... a-jet.html
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Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby ecker2011 » Mon Jul 10, 2017 5:25 pm

Electrified Droplets Create Mini Saturn Planets

By Charles Q. Choi, Space.com Contributor

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Rings of droplets formed from the equator of a drop after application of an electric pulse.
Credit: Q. Brosseau and P.M. Vlahovska

By electrifying tiny drops of fluid, scientists have created miniature versions of the ringed planet Saturn.

Though gorgeous to look at, the resulting "planet" has more than aesthetic value: The achievement could help lead to new ways of generating microscopic and uniform particles and capsules often used in products such as drugs, inks, cosmetics, paints and ceramics, researchers said.

When a drop of electrically conductive liquid is exposed to an electric field, the droplet responds by forming two electrically charged poles. Previous research has shown that these poles can get pulled toward the sources of the electric field, taking on cone shapes. If the pull is strong enough, the tips of the cones can spray jets of droplets. [Dazzling Droplets: Photos Reveal Mini Worlds]

Experiments regarding this effect, known as electrospraying, often involved drops of liquid surrounded by less electrically conductive fluids. In the new study, senior author Petia Vlahovska, an engineer at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, and colleagues wanted to explore what happens when drops of liquid are submerged in more electrically conductive fluids — specifically, drops of silicone oil suspended in castor oil.

Previous research found that when a drop that is more electrically conductive than its surroundings gets caught between two electrified plates, its poles take on the opposite electric charge of those plates. When it comes to electricity, opposites attract, so the poles of the droplet get pulled outward (toward the plates) to become cones, with the drop taking on a football shape.

These new findings reveal that when a drop is less electrically conductive than its surroundings, its poles take on an electric charge that is the same as the electrodes (the electrified plates). Since like repels like, "the repulsion between the electrodes and the poles squashes the drop into [an] M&M-like shape," Vlahovska told Live Science.

If an electric field is strong enough, the researchers found that the equators of these squashed drops emit concentric rings of droplets, making the drops look like miniature versions of Saturn. In experiments, drops of silicone oil about 1 millimeter wide generated droplets that were about 100 times smaller, Vlahovska said.

"I was surprised by the fact that rings detached from the drop — I was not expecting it all," Vlahovska said.

Vlahovska noted they could generate rings in a very controllable way. "You can turn the streaming on and off at will," she said.

Future research will explore what materials can be used to produce this "ring of particles" effect. "The broader the range of materials, the wider the applications will be," Vlahovska said.

Vlahovska and her co-author Quentin Brosseau at New York University are scheduled to detail their findings online July 20 in the journal Physical Review Letters.

https://www.space.com/37430-electrified ... anets.html
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Re: Interesting websites ( OPEN SUBJECTS)

Postby ecker2011 » Wed Aug 09, 2017 2:05 pm

New Theory on the Origin of Dark Matter
Press Release - Source: Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

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Only a small part of the universe consists of visible matter. By far the largest part is invisible and consists of dark matter and dark energy.

Very little is known about dark energy, but there are many theories and experiments on the existence of dark matter designed to find these as yet unknown particles. Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have now come up with a new theory on how dark matter may have been formed shortly after the origin of the universe. This new model proposes an alternative to the WIMP paradigm that is the subject of various experiments in current research.

Dark matter is present throughout the universe, forming galaxies and the largest known structures in the cosmos. It makes up around 23 percent of our universe, whereas the particles visible to us that make up the stars, planets, and even life on Earth represent only about four percent of it. The current assumption is that dark matter is a cosmological relic that has essentially remained stable since its creation. "We have called this assumption into question, showing that at the beginning of the universe dark matter may have been unstable," explained Dr. Michael Baker from the Theoretical High Energy Physics (THEP) group at the JGU Institute of Physics. This instability also indicates the existence of a new mechanism that explains the observed quantity of dark matter in the cosmos.

The stability of dark matter is usually explained by a symmetry principle. However, in their paper, Dr. Michael Baker and Prof. Joachim Kopp demonstrate that the universe may have gone through a phase during which this symmetry was broken. This would mean that it is possible for the hypothetical dark matter particle to decay. During the electroweak phase transition, the symmetry that stabilizes dark matter would have been re-established, enabling it to continue to exist in the universe to the present day.

With their new theory, Baker and Kopp have introduced a new principle into the debate about the nature of dark matter that offers an alternative to the widely accepted WIMP theory. Up to now, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, have been regarded as the most likely components of dark matter, and experiments involving heavily shielded underground detectors have been carried out to look for them. "The absence of any convincing signals caused us to start looking for alternatives to the WIMP paradigm," said Kopp.

The two physicists claim that the new mechanism they propose may be connected with the apparent imbalance between matter and antimatter in the cosmos and could leave an imprint which would be detected in future experiments on gravitational waves. In their paper published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters, Baker and Kopp also indicate the prospects of finding proof of their new principle at CERN's LHC particle accelerator and other experimental facilities.

http://spaceref.com/astronomy/new-theor ... Happens%29
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